「雷迪西亚多」修訂間的差異

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[[File:Ledi Sayadaw portrait.jpg|thumb|300px|right|缅甸·雷迪西亚多·智幢尊者(The Venerable Ledi Sayadaw U {{PALI|Ñanadhaja}})]]
 
[[File:Ledi Sayadaw portrait.jpg|thumb|300px|right|缅甸·雷迪西亚多·智幢尊者(The Venerable Ledi Sayadaw U {{PALI|Ñanadhaja}})]]
'''雷迪大长老''',又称为'''雷迪西亚多·智幢尊者'''('''Ledi Sayadaw U Ñanadhaja''') (缅甸文:လယ်တီဆရာတော် ဦးဉာဏဓဇ); 1 December 1846 – 27 June 1923<ref name="lionsroar">{{cite web|last=Braun|first=Erik|title=The Insight Revolution|url=http://www.lionsroar.com/the-insight-revolution/|publisher=[[Lion's Roar (magazine)|Lion's Roar]]|date=November 12, 2013|accessdate=May 27, 2016}}</ref>) was an influential [[Theravada]] [[Buddhism|Buddhist]] [[Bhikkhu|monk]]. He was recognized from a young age as being developed in both the theory ([[Abhidharma]]) and practice of Buddhism and so was revered as being scholarly.<ref name="insight">{{cite web|last=Braun|first=Erik|title=
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'''雷迪大长老''',又称为'''雷迪西亚多·智幢尊者'''('''Ledi Sayadaw U Ñanadhaja''') (缅甸文:လယ်တီဆရာတော် ဦးဉာဏဓဇ);  雷迪[[ 西亚多]] 是缅甸[[ 上座部佛教]][[ 比库]] 长老,一八四六年出生在缅甸北部实皆省(Sagaing)蒙育瓦县(Monywa),Dipeyin镇,Saing-pyin村。
The Many Lives of Insight: The Abhidhamma and transformations in Theravada meditation|url=http://bulletin.hds.harvard.edu/articles/winterspring2016/many-lives-insight|publisher=[[Harvard Divinity School]]|accessdate=May 27, 2016}}</ref> He wrote many books on [[Dhamma]] in Burmese and these were accessible even to a serious lay person, hence he was responsible for spreading Dhamma to all levels of society and reviving the traditional practice of [[vipassana]] [[meditation]], making it more available for renunciates and lay people alike.<ref name="lionsroar"/>
 
  
==Biography==
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== 简介==
Sayadaw began his studies at age 20 in [[Mandalay]] at Thanjaun.<ref name="lionsroar"/> While there he was considered to be a bright and ambitious young monk<ref name="lionsroar"/> but his work was scholarly; there is no evidence that Sayadaw engaged in a serious meditation practice during his years in Mandalay.<ref name="lionsroar"/> Leaving Mandalay after a great fire in 1883 caused the loss of his home and his written work to that time, Sayadaw returned to the village of his youth.<ref name="lionsroar"/>
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雷迪西亚多年幼时就读于村中的传统僧侣学校,由僧侣教导孩童读写缅甸语和巴利语。他八岁时有了第一位导师:南达他亚西亚多(U Nanda-dhaja Sayadaw ), 十五岁成为[[ 沙马内拉]] 。他被授予(Nana-dhaja)的法名(智幢)。<ref name="jj">[[http://dhamma.sutta.org/books/ncdaszt/ncds016.htm 觉悟之路:雷迪西亚多简介]]</ref>
  
Soon, Sayadaw founded a forest monastery in the "Ledi forest" and began practicing and teaching intensive meditation.<ref name="lionsroar"/> It was from this monastery that he would take his name, Ledi Sayadaw, meaning "respected teacher of the Ledi forest."<ref name="lionsroar"/> In 1885, Ledi Sayadaw wrote the ''Nwa-myitta-sa'' ({{my|နွားမေတ္တာစာ}}), a poetic prose letter that argued that Burmese Buddhists should not kill cattle and eat beef, since Burmese farmers depended on them as beasts of burden to maintain their livelihoods, that the marketing of beef for human consumption threatened the extinction of buffalo and cattle and that the practice and was ecologically unsound.<ref name="mc">{{cite book|last=Charney|first=Michael|title=A history of natural resources in Asia: the wealth of nature|editor=Greg Bankoff, P. Boomgaard|publisher=MacMillan|year=2007|pages=236–40|chapter=Demographic Growth, Agricultural Expansion and Livestock in the Lower Chindwin in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries|isbn=978-1-4039-7736-6}}</ref> He subsequently led successful beef boycotts during the colonial era, despite the presence of beef eating among locals and influenced a generation of Burmese nationalists in adopting this stance.<ref name="mc"/>
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雷迪西亚多二十岁时,一八六六年四月二十日,由南达他亚西亚多为他授戒成为佛教[[比库]],八年后,他通过了所有的考试,成为合格的巴利语导师,在他研习的大光莲寺任教。他在那里又继续待了八年,教书及做学术研究,直到一八八二年,搬到蒙育瓦县(Monywa),以教导整部[[巴利三藏]]而出名。<ref name="jj"/>
  
In 1900, Sayadaw gave up control of the monastery and pursued more focused meditation in the mountain caves near the banks of the [[Chindwin River]].<ref name="lionsroar"/>
 
  
At other times he traveled throughout Burma.<ref name="lionsroar"/> Because of his knowledge of ''pariyatti'' (theory), he was able to write many books on Dhamma in both Pali and Burmese languages such as, ''Paramattha-dipani'' (''Manual of Ultimate Truth''), ''Nirutta-dipani'', a book on Pali grammar and ''The Manuals of Dhamma''. At the same time he kept alive the pure tradition of ''patipatti'' (practice) by teaching the technique of Vipassana to a few people.
 
  
 
==Legacy==
 
==Legacy==
Ledi Sayadaw was one of the foremost Burmese Buddhist figures of his age.<ref>{{cite book|author1=Mahasi Sayadaw|author2= Steve Armstrong (editor)|title=Manual of Insight|publisher=[[Wisdom Publications]]|page=xvii|year=2016|ISBN=978-1614292777}}</ref> He was instrumental in reviving the traditional practice of Vipassana, making it more available for renunciates and lay people alike.<ref name="insight"/> Many of his works are still available, including in English through the [[Buddhist Publication Society]].
 
  
Among Ledi's disciples, Theik-cha-daung Sayadaw(1871-1931) and Mohnyin Sayadaw(1872-1964) are well-known.<ref name="insight"/> Theik-cha-daung Sayadaw taught an illiterate farmer and layman [http://www.vridhamma.org/Teachers-1 Saya Thet Gyi], who would go on to receive training from Ledi himself.<ref name="insight"/> Thetgyi's lineage continues to the present, the most prominent being [[U Wunnathiri]] and [[U Ba Khin]] and his disciples, others include [[SN Goenka]].<ref name="insight"/>
 
  
 
==Bibliography==
 
==Bibliography==

於 2018年5月23日 (三) 00:04 的修訂

緬甸·雷迪西亞多·智幢尊者(The Venerable Ledi Sayadaw U Ñanadhaja

雷迪大長老,又稱為雷迪西亞多·智幢尊者Ledi Sayadaw U Ñanadhaja) (緬甸文:လယ်တီဆရာတော် ဦးဉာဏဓဇ); 雷迪西亞多是緬甸上座部佛教比庫長老,一八四六年出生在緬甸北部實皆省(Sagaing)蒙育瓦縣(Monywa),Dipeyin鎮,Saing-pyin村。

簡介

雷迪西亞多年幼時就讀於村中的傳統僧侶學校,由僧侶教導孩童讀寫緬甸語和巴利語。他八歲時有了第一位導師:南達他亞西亞多(U Nanda-dhaja Sayadaw), 十五歲成為沙馬內拉。他被授予(Nana-dhaja)的法名(智幢)。[1]

雷迪西亞多二十歲時,一八六六年四月二十日,由南達他亞西亞多為他授戒成為佛教比庫,八年後,他通過了所有的考試,成為合格的巴利語導師,在他研習的大光蓮寺任教。他在那裡又繼續待了八年,教書及做學術研究,直到一八八二年,搬到蒙育瓦縣(Monywa),以教導整部巴利三藏而出名。[1]


Legacy

Bibliography

  • Manual of Insight (Vipassanā Dīpanī)
  • Manual of Conditional Relations (Patthanuddesa Dīpanī)
  • Manual of Right Views (Vipassanā Dīpanī)
  • Manual of the Four Noble Truths (Catusacca Dīpanī)
  • Manual of the Factors of Enlightenment (Bodhipakkhiya Dīpanī)
  • Manual of the Constituents of the Path (Magganga Dīpanī)
  • Five Kinds of Light (Alin Kyan)
  • 5 Questions on Kamma; Anattanisamsā

References

External links