“雷迪西亚多”的版本间的差异

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[[File:Ledi Sayadaw portrait.jpg|thumb|300px|right|缅甸·雷迪西亚多·智幢尊者(The Venerable Ledi Sayadaw U {{PALI|Ñanadhaja}})]]
 
[[File:Ledi Sayadaw portrait.jpg|thumb|300px|right|缅甸·雷迪西亚多·智幢尊者(The Venerable Ledi Sayadaw U {{PALI|Ñanadhaja}})]]
'''雷迪大 长老''',又称为'''雷迪西亚多·智幢尊者'''('''Ledi Sayadaw U Ñanadhaja''') (缅甸文:လယ်တီဆရာတော် ဦးဉာဏဓဇ); 1 December 1846 – 27 June 1923<ref name="lionsroar">{{cite web|last=Braun|first=Erik|title=The Insight Revolution|url=http://www.lionsroar.com/the-insight-revolution/|publisher=[[Lion's Roar (magazine)|Lion's Roar]]|date=November 12, 2013|accessdate=May 27, 2016}}</ref>) was an influential [[Theravada]] [[Buddhism|Buddhist]] [[Bhikkhu|monk]]. He was recognized from a young age as being developed in both the theory ([[Abhidharma]]) and practice of Buddhism and so was revered as being scholarly.<ref name="insight">{{cite web|last=Braun|first=Erik|title=
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'''雷迪大 ''',又称为'''雷迪西亚多·智幢尊者'''('''Ledi Sayadaw U Ñanadhaja''') (缅甸文:လယ်တီဆရာတော် ဦးဉာဏဓဇ);  雷迪[[ 西亚多]] 是缅甸[[ 上座部佛教]][[ 比库]] 长老,一八四六年出生在缅甸北部实皆省(Sagaing)蒙育瓦县(Monywa),Dipeyin镇,Saing-pyin村。
The Many Lives of Insight: The Abhidhamma and transformations in Theravada meditation|url=http://bulletin.hds.harvard.edu/articles/winterspring2016/many-lives-insight|publisher=[[Harvard Divinity School]]|accessdate=May 27, 2016}}</ref> He wrote many books on [[Dhamma]] in Burmese and these were accessible even to a serious lay person, hence he was responsible for spreading Dhamma to all levels of society and reviving the traditional practice of [[vipassana]] [[meditation]], making it more available for renunciates and lay people alike.<ref name="lionsroar"/>
 
  
==Biography==
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== 简介==
Sayadaw began his studies at age 20 in [[Mandalay]] at Thanjaun.<ref name="lionsroar"/> While there he was considered to be a bright and ambitious young monk<ref name="lionsroar"/> but his work was scholarly; there is no evidence that Sayadaw engaged in a serious meditation practice during his years in Mandalay.<ref name="lionsroar"/> Leaving Mandalay after a great fire in 1883 caused the loss of his home and his written work to that time, Sayadaw returned to the village of his youth.<ref name="lionsroar"/>
 
  
Soon, Sayadaw founded a forest monastery in the "Ledi forest" and began practicing and teaching intensive meditation.<ref name="lionsroar"/> It was from this monastery that he would take his name, Ledi Sayadaw, meaning "respected teacher of the Ledi forest."<ref name="lionsroar"/> In 1885, Ledi Sayadaw wrote the ''Nwa-myitta-sa'' ({{my| နွားမေတ္တာစာ}}), a poetic prose letter that argued that Burmese Buddhists should not kill cattle and eat beef, since Burmese farmers depended on them as beasts of burden to maintain their livelihoods, that the marketing of beef for human consumption threatened the extinction of buffalo and cattle and that the practice and was ecologically unsound.<ref name="mc">{{cite book|last=Charney|first=Michael|title=A history of natural resources in Asia: the wealth of nature|editor=Greg Bankoff, P. Boomgaard|publisher=MacMillan|year=2007|pages=236–40|chapter=Demographic Growth, Agricultural Expansion and Livestock in the Lower Chindwin in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries|isbn=978-1-4039-7736-6}}</ref> He subsequently led successful beef boycotts during the colonial era, despite the presence of beef eating among locals and influenced a generation of Burmese nationalists in adopting this stance.<ref name="mc"/>
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雷迪[[西亚多]]年幼时就读于村中的传统佛教僧院,由佛教僧侣教导孩童读写缅甸语和巴利语。他八岁时有了第一位导师:南达他亚西亚多(U Nanda-dhaja Sayadaw , 十五岁成为[[沙马内拉]]。他被授予“智幢”({{PALI| Ñanadhaja}} )的法名。<ref name="jj">[[http://dhamma.sutta.org/books/ncdaszt/ncds016.htm 觉悟之路:雷迪西亚多简介]]</ref>
  
In 1900, Sayadaw gave up control of the monastery and pursued more focused meditation in the mountain caves near the banks of the [[Chindwin River]].<ref name="lionsroar"/>
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雷迪西亚多二十岁时,一八六六年四月二十日,由南达他亚西亚多为他授戒,[[ 达上]] 成为上座部佛教[[比库]],八年后,他通过了所有的考试,成为合格的巴利语导师,在他研习的大光莲寺任教。他在那里又继续待了八年,教书及做学术研究,直到一八八二年,搬到蒙育瓦县(Monywa),以教导整部[[巴利三藏]]而出名。<ref name="jj"/>
  
At other times he traveled throughout Burma.<ref name="lionsroar"/> Because of his knowledge of ''pariyatti'' (theory), he was able to write many books on Dhamma in both Pali and Burmese languages such as, ''Paramattha-dipani'' (''Manual of Ultimate Truth''), ''Nirutta-dipani'', a book on Pali grammar and ''The Manuals of Dhamma''. At the same time he kept alive the pure tradition of ''patipatti'' (practice) by teaching the technique of Vipassana to a few people.
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英国人于一八八五年占领了上缅甸,并放逐最后一位君王锡袍(Thibaw)。翌年一八八六年,“智幢”比库进入蒙育瓦北边的雷迪森林避静。不久,许多比库也加入请求他教导[[巴利三藏]]与[[观禅]](Vipassana),他于是建立名为雷迪佛寺(Ledi-tawya Monastery),后来就根据这座佛寺名,有了众所周知的新名字:[[雷迪西亚多]]。
  
==Legacy==
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雷迪[[ 西亚多]] 在雷迪森林佛寺待了十年之后,开始出版主要的学术文献。第一本是《究竟真理手册》(Paramattha-dipani),出版于一八九七年;第二本书是《词手册》(Nirutta dipani),是一本巴利文法书,由于这些书,他被认为是缅甸最博学的[[ 比库]] 之一。
Ledi Sayadaw was one of the foremost Burmese Buddhist figures of his age.<ref>{{cite book|author1=Mahasi Sayadaw|author2= Steve Armstrong (editor)|title=Manual of Insight|publisher=[[Wisdom Publications]]|page=xvii|year=2016|ISBN=978-1614292777}}</ref> He was instrumental in reviving the traditional practice of Vipassana, making it more available for renunciates and lay people alike.<ref name="insight"/> Many of his works are still available, including in English through the [[Buddhist Publication Society]].
 
  
Among Ledi's disciples, Theik-cha-daung Sayadaw(1871-1931) and Mohnyin Sayadaw(1872-1964) are well-known.<ref name="insight"/> Theik-cha-daung Sayadaw taught an illiterate farmer and layman [http://www.vridhamma.org/Teachers-1 Saya Thet Gyi], who would go on to receive training from Ledi himself.<ref name="insight"/> Thetgyi's lineage continues to the present, the most prominent being [[U Wunnathiri]] and [[U Ba Khin]] and his disciples, others include [[SN Goenka]].<ref name="insight"/>
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一九一一年,雷迪西亚多的学者名气与禅修导师的名气越来越大,连当时统治缅甸与印度的英国政府也授予他:[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agga_Maha_Pandita Aggamaha-pandita]](至上大智者)的头衔,他也获得仰光大学文学博士的学位。在一九一三年到一九一七年,他与伦敦的[http://www.palitext.com/ 巴利圣典学会(Pali Text Society)]的Rhys-Davids女士通信,他对于“[[ 论藏]] ”的一些讨论,经过翻译后出版在“巴利圣典学会”的期刊上。
  
==Bibliography==
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因为多年来在不良照明情况下研读书籍与写作,雷迪西亚多晚年视力衰退。七十三岁时,他双目失明,于是他专注于禅修与教导禅修。一九二三年,他在曼德拉与仰光之间平蛮镇(Pyinmana)的一家佛寺过世,享年七十七岁。这佛寺如同他多年来在缅甸旅行教导时成立的许多佛寺一样,也是以他为名。
* ''Manual of Insight'' (Vipassanā Dīpanī)
 
* ''Manual of Conditional Relations'' (Patthanuddesa Dīpanī)
 
* ''Manual of Right Views'' (Vipassanā Dīpanī)
 
* ''Manual of the Four Noble Truths'' (Catusacca Dīpanī)
 
* ''Manual of the Factors of Enlightenment'' (Bodhipakkhiya Dīpanī)
 
* ''Manual of the Constituents of the Path'' (Magganga Dīpanī)
 
* ''Five Kinds of Light'' (Alin Kyan)
 
* ''5 Questions on Kamma''; Anattanisamsā
 
  
== References ==
+
== 成就==
 +
 
 +
雷迪[[西亚多]]·智幢尊者(Venerable Ledi Sayadaw)一生著作超过70本,以下为部分著作列表<ref>[http://wiki.sutta.org/wiki/Portal:%E6%96%87%E7%8C%AE%E5%8F%8A%E7%BF%BB%E8%AF%91#.E9.9B.B7.E8.BF.AA.E9.95.BF.E8.80.81: 百科文献:雷迪西亚多著作及译本]</ref>
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* [http://www.dhammaweb.net/dhammabook/author.php?author=Ledi%20Sayadaw List of Dhamma Book by Ledi Sayadaw : 60 books]
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="font-family:Arial;"
 +
|+ <span style="font-size:120%;">Ledi Sayadaw</span>
 +
! 原著||译作
 +
|-
 +
| 《[http://www.bps.lk/olib/wh/wh031_Ledi_Manual-of-Insight.pdf Manual of Insight: Vipassana Dipani]》 ||《[http://bbs.sutta.org/article-406-1.html 观禅手册]》<br>《[http://dhamma.sutta.org/books/ledi_vipassana_dipani_20170403.pdf 观禅灯释]》
 +
|-
 +
| 《[http://www.bps.lk/library-search-select.php?id=wh431 Manual of Mindfulness of Breathing: Anapana Dipani]》 ||《[http://dhamma.sutta.org/books/ledi_anapana_dipani.pdf 安那般那手册]》
 +
|-
 +
| 《[http://www.bps.lk/library-search-select.php?id=wh171 The Requisites of Enlightenment: Bodhipakkhiya Dipani]》 ||《[http://bbs.sutta.org/article-405-1.html 菩提觉支手册]》<br>《觉悟资粮》[http://www.fzcl.org.cn/fabaowenku/bianjituijian/%E8%A7%89%E6%82%9F%E8%B5%84%E7%B2%AE.pdf PDF]
 +
|-
 +
| 《[http://www.bps.lk/olib/wh/wh245-p.html Noble Eightfold Path and Its Factors Explained: Maggaṅga Dīpanī]》 ||《八正道手册》
 +
|-
 +
| 《[http://www.bps.lk/library-search-select.php?id=wh331 Buddhist Philosophy of Relations: Paṭṭhāna Dīpanī]》 ||《佛教关系哲学》
 +
|-
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| 《[https://lifeintegrity.com/A-Manual-of-the-Excellent-Man.pdf A Manual of the Excellent Man: Uttamapurisa Dīpanī]》 ||《超人手册》
 +
|-
 +
| 《[http://mahajana.net/texts/kopia_lokalna/MANUAL08.html The Five Kinds of Light : Alin-Kyan]》 ||《五种智明》
 +
|-
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| 《[http://dhamma.sutta.org/books/ncdaszt/Ledi-books/A%20Manual%20of%20the%20Dhamma.pdf A Manual of the Dhamma: Dhamma Dīpanī]》 ||《正法手册》
 +
|-
 +
| 《[http://mahajana.net/texts/kopia_lokalna/MANUAL04.html The Manual of Cosmic Order: Niyama Dīpanī]》 ||《决定手册》
 +
|-
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| 《[http://mahajana.net/texts/kopia_lokalna/MANUAL03.html The Manual of Right Views: Sammaditthi Dīpanī]》 ||《正见手册》
 +
|-
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| 《[http://mahajana.net/texts/kopia_lokalna/MANUAL05.html The Manual of the Four Noble Truths: Catusacca Dīpanī]》 ||《四圣谛手册》
 +
|-
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| 《[https://static.sirimangalo.org/pdf/paramatthadipani4.pdf The Manual of Ultimate Truths: Paramattha Dīpanī]》 ||《胜义谛手册》
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== 注释与引用 ==
 
{{Reflist}}
 
{{Reflist}}
  
==External links==
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== 外部链接==
 +
* [http://dhamma.sutta.org/books/ncdaszt/ncds016-01.htm 《证入“无我”的利益》]
 
* {{cite web |url=http://www.vridhamma.org/Teachers-2 |title=Ven Ledi Sayadaw |author= |date= |work= |publisher=Vipassana Research Institute |accessdate=23 December 2011}} A longer bio of Ledi Sayadaw
 
* {{cite web |url=http://www.vridhamma.org/Teachers-2 |title=Ven Ledi Sayadaw |author= |date= |work= |publisher=Vipassana Research Institute |accessdate=23 December 2011}} A longer bio of Ledi Sayadaw
 
* [http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/various/wheel202.html#advantages The Advantages of Realizing the Doctrine of Anattaa]
 
* [http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/various/wheel202.html#advantages The Advantages of Realizing the Doctrine of Anattaa]
  
 
[[Category:上座部尊者]]
 
[[Category:上座部尊者]]

2018年5月25日 (五) 00:11的最新版本

缅甸·雷迪西亚多·智幢尊者(The Venerable Ledi Sayadaw U Ñanadhaja

雷迪大师,又称为雷迪西亚多·智幢尊者Ledi Sayadaw U Ñanadhaja) (缅甸文:လယ်တီဆရာတော် ဦးဉာဏဓဇ); 雷迪西亚多是缅甸上座部佛教比库长老,一八四六年出生在缅甸北部实皆省(Sagaing)蒙育瓦县(Monywa),Dipeyin镇,Saing-pyin村。

简介

雷迪西亚多年幼时就读于村中的传统佛教僧院,由佛教僧侣教导孩童读写缅甸语和巴利语。他八岁时有了第一位导师:南达他亚西亚多(U Nanda-dhaja Sayadaw), 十五岁成为沙马内拉。他被授予“智幢”(Ñanadhaja)的法名。[1]

雷迪西亚多二十岁时,一八六六年四月二十日,由南达他亚西亚多为他授戒,达上成为上座部佛教比库,八年后,他通过了所有的考试,成为合格的巴利语导师,在他研习的大光莲寺任教。他在那里又继续待了八年,教书及做学术研究,直到一八八二年,搬到蒙育瓦县(Monywa),以教导整部巴利三藏而出名。[1]

英国人于一八八五年占领了上缅甸,并放逐最后一位君王锡袍(Thibaw)。翌年一八八六年,“智幢”比库进入蒙育瓦北边的雷迪森林避静。不久,许多比库也加入请求他教导巴利三藏观禅(Vipassana),他于是建立名为雷迪佛寺(Ledi-tawya Monastery),后来就根据这座佛寺名,有了众所周知的新名字:雷迪西亚多

雷迪西亚多在雷迪森林佛寺待了十年之后,开始出版主要的学术文献。第一本是《究竟真理手册》(Paramattha-dipani),出版于一八九七年;第二本书是《词手册》(Nirutta dipani),是一本巴利文法书,由于这些书,他被认为是缅甸最博学的比库之一。

一九一一年,雷迪西亚多的学者名气与禅修导师的名气越来越大,连当时统治缅甸与印度的英国政府也授予他:[Aggamaha-pandita](至上大智者)的头衔,他也获得仰光大学文学博士的学位。在一九一三年到一九一七年,他与伦敦的巴利圣典学会(Pali Text Society)的Rhys-Davids女士通信,他对于“论藏”的一些讨论,经过翻译后出版在“巴利圣典学会”的期刊上。

因为多年来在不良照明情况下研读书籍与写作,雷迪西亚多晚年视力衰退。七十三岁时,他双目失明,于是他专注于禅修与教导禅修。一九二三年,他在曼德拉与仰光之间平蛮镇(Pyinmana)的一家佛寺过世,享年七十七岁。这佛寺如同他多年来在缅甸旅行教导时成立的许多佛寺一样,也是以他为名。

成就

雷迪西亚多·智幢尊者(Venerable Ledi Sayadaw)一生著作超过70本,以下为部分著作列表[2]

Ledi Sayadaw
原著 译作
Manual of Insight: Vipassana Dipani 观禅手册
观禅灯释
Manual of Mindfulness of Breathing: Anapana Dipani 安那般那手册
The Requisites of Enlightenment: Bodhipakkhiya Dipani 菩提觉支手册
《觉悟资粮》PDF
Noble Eightfold Path and Its Factors Explained: Maggaṅga Dīpanī 《八正道手册》
Buddhist Philosophy of Relations: Paṭṭhāna Dīpanī 《佛教关系哲学》
A Manual of the Excellent Man: Uttamapurisa Dīpanī 《超人手册》
The Five Kinds of Light : Alin-Kyan 《五种智明》
A Manual of the Dhamma: Dhamma Dīpanī 《正法手册》
The Manual of Cosmic Order: Niyama Dīpanī 《决定手册》
The Manual of Right Views: Sammaditthi Dīpanī 《正见手册》
The Manual of the Four Noble Truths: Catusacca Dīpanī 《四圣谛手册》
The Manual of Ultimate Truths: Paramattha Dīpanī 《胜义谛手册》

注释与引用

外部链接